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Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia is a type of hair loss caused by repeated pulling or tension on the hair follicles. This pulling can happen over time due to certain hairstyles, hair care practices, or even tight headwear. When the hair is constantly pulled on, it can loosen the hair in the follicle and eventually lead to breakage or hair loss.


  • Tight hairstyles such as braids, cornrows, dreadlocks, ponytails, or buns, especially when worn for long periods or styled tightly.
  • Hair extensions or weaves that put too much weight or tension on the hair.
  • Chemical hair relaxers or straighteners that can weaken the hair shaft and make it more prone to breakage.
  • Frequent use of heat styling tools like blow dryers or straighteners.
  • Tight headbands or hats worn for extended periods.


  • Hair loss along the hairline, temples, or sides of the scalp, where the hair is pulled the tightest.
  • Receding hairline
  • Patchy bald spots
  • Broken hairs
  • Redness, irritation, or inflammation of the scalp
  • Small bumps or pustules on the scalp

The most important step in treating traction alopecia is to identify and stop the cause of the pulling. This may involve loosening hairstyles, taking breaks from tight styles, and avoiding harsh chemicals or heat styling. In some cases, a dermatologist may recommend:

  • Minoxidil (Rogaine): A topical medication that can help stimulate hair growth.
  • Steroid injections: To reduce inflammation in the scalp.
  • Scalp massage: To improve blood circulation to the scalp and promote hair growth.

This information is for general knowledge only and does not constitute medical advice. Please consult with a dermatologist to diagnose and treat traction alopecia.

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